Emotional Quotient first came out as early as in A.D. 1960. This is a psychological term. In 1995, Daniel Goleman, the Father of EQ, has reformed the emotional theories of more than the past 30 years in his volume: ‘Emotional Intelligence – Why It Matters More than IQ”. He declared that each person had the inborn emotional quotient. He believes that this kind of intelligence can be shown in four situations, including:
- Learning process
This is a kind of establishing good interpersonal relationship ability. However this inborn interpersonal ability would bring into full play or regress based on environment influence. For example, the influence during childhood and teenagers as well as coming from parents, teachers and friends.
In 1990, Peter Salovey and Jack Major have called this kind of EI effect level as Emotional Quotient (EQ). Many parents have asked if there is a standard to measure EQ’s level; the answer is yes. Many psychologists have done research on EQ tests, but every time the result does not seem to be the same. This is because everyone’s emotion will be adjusted in accordance to different environment. For example, in an extremely hot afternoon, your car’s air conditioner breaks down. In addition, there is a big traffic jam on the road; and suddenly you receive a call from your son, saying that he forgot the home keys so that he is not able to get in the house. What would your mood be? In this situation, if the traffic jam improves a lot all in a sudden, what would your mood be?
In summary, EQ is only a simple term to express the emotional level and its stability, especially in patience, calmness as well as get on along well with others.